dialect

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
n. language, tongue; vernacular, idiom, argot, patois, jargon, cant. See speech.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
Syn. idiom, accent, vernacular, patois, slang, jargon, argot, cant, lingo*, pidgin, creole; see also accent 3 , language 1 .
Accents and dialects of English include --- United States: Standard American, stage, Northern, Midland, North Midland, South Midland, Black, Southern, General American, Eastern New England, Inland North, Boston, Down East, Upstate New YOrk, New YOrk City, Bronx, Brooklyn, Chelsea, Virginia Piedmont, Highland Southern, Southern Highlands, Southern Tidewater, Coastal Southern, Gulla, Southern Appalachian, Southern Louisiana, Gulf States, Deep South, Texas, Cajun, Chicago, Western, Southwest, Northwest; British Isles: British Standard, Received Standard, BBC, public-school, Northern, Midland, Birmingham, Southern, cockney, SouthEastern, Kentish, Gloucestershire, Devonshire, Cornish, Shropshire, Oxford, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, YOrkshire, Lancashire, Liverpool, Northumbrian, Lowland Scots, Glasgow, Highland Scots, Edinburgh, Inverness, Welsh, Irish, Dublin, Ulster, Belfast, Aran Islands, Western Irish; others: Australian, New Zealand, South African, Canadian, Maritime, Ontario, Western Canadian. Accents and dialects of languages other than English include --- French: langue d'oc, langue d'o?l ( both French), Parisian, Norman, Anglo-Norman, Breton, Gascon, Proven?al, Occitan, French Canadian, Algerian; Spanish: Castilian, Catalan, Andalusian, South American, Central American, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Philippine; German: High German, Bavarian, Franconian, Swabian, Swiss German, Austrian, Rhenish, Yiddish; Low German, Plattdeutsch, PRussian, Berlin, Hamburg, Saxon, Pennsylvania Dutch, Pennsylvania German; Italian: Tuscan, Piedmontese, Roman, Venetian, Neopolitan, Sicilian; Russian: Muscovite, Little Russian, BeloRussian, White Russian, Georgian, Siberian; Chinese: Mandarin, Fukien, Peking, Beijing, Cantonese, Manchurian, Shansi. Syn.- dialect , in this comParison, refers to a form of a language used within a particular locality or group and differing from the standard language in matters of pronunciation, syntax, etc.; vernacular today commonly refers to the informal or colloquial spoken variety of a language as distinguished from the formal or literary variety; cant refers to the distinctive stock words, phrases, and clichés used by a particular sect, class, etc. [ clergymen's cant] ; jargon is used of the special vocabulary and idioms of a particular class, occupational group, etc., esp. by one who is unfamiliar with these; argot refers esp. to the secret jargon of thieves and tramps; lingo is a humorous or mildly contemptuous term applied to any language, dialect, or jargon by one to whom it is unintelligible; slang refers to highly informal speech and particularly to New words, phrases, and extended senses, esp. when restricted in use to an identifiable group [college slang ]
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
speech, local tongue, provincialism, vernacular, patois, idiom, lingo, argot, slang, cant, colloquialism, accent, pidgin.
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. A variety of a language that differs from the standard form: argot, cant2, jargon, lingo, patois, vernacular. See WORDS. 2. A system of terms used by a people sharing a history and culture: language, speech, tongue, vernacular. Linguistics: langue. See WORDS. 3. Specialized expressions indigenous to a particular field, subject, trade, or subculture: argot, cant2, idiom, jargon, language, lexicon, lingo, patois, terminology, vernacular, vocabulary. See WORDS.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dialect — DIALÉCT, dialecte, s.n. 1. Ramificaţie teritorială a unei limbi, cuprinzând adesea mai multe graiuri. 2. (impr.) Grai. 3. (impr.) Limbă. [pr.: di a ] – Din fr. dialecte, lat. dialectus. Trimis de romac, 03.03.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  DIALÉCT s. ( …   Dicționar Român

  • dialect — n 1 Dialect, vernacular, patois, lingo, jargon, cant, argot, slang denote a form of language or a style of speech which varies from that accepted as the literary standard. Dialect (see also LANGUAGE 1) is applied ordinarily to a form of a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • dialect — is the language form of a region, and varies from the standard language in matters of vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. Some dialects are also related to social class and ethnic origin. The dialects of the United Kingdom are recorded in… …   Modern English usage

  • dialect — [dī′ə lekt΄] n. [L dialectus < Gr dialektos, discourse, discussion, dialect < dialegesthai, to discourse, talk < dia, between (see DIA ) + legein, to choose, talk (see LOGIC)] 1. the sum total of local characteristics of speech 2. Rare… …   English World dictionary

  • Dialect — Di a*lect, n. [F. dialecte, L. dialectus, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to converse, discourse. See {Dialogue}.] 1. Means or mode of expressing thoughts; language; tongue; form of speech. [1913 Webster] This book is writ in such a dialect As may the minds of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dialect —    Dialect identifies groups within a language. Some people’s speech displays features differentiating it from that used by members of other groups, although those belonging to either group can communicate with each other without excessive… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • dialect — dialect; in·ter·dialect; trans·dialect; …   English syllables

  • dialect — (n.) 1570s, form of speech of a region or group, from M.Fr. dialecte, from L. dialectus local language, way of speaking, conversation, from Gk. dialektos talk, conversation, speech; also the language of a country, dialect, from dialegesthai… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dialect — index language, phraseology, speech Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • dialect — [n] local speech accent, argot, cant, idiom, jargon, language, lingo, localism, patois, patter, pronunciation, provincialism, regionalism, slang, terminology, tongue, vernacular, vocabulary; concept 276 …   New thesaurus

  • dialect — ► NOUN ▪ a form of a language which is peculiar to a specific region or social group. DERIVATIVES dialectal adjective. ORIGIN originally in the sense «dialectic»: from Greek dialektos discourse, way of speaking …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.